Osteoporosis ("porous bone") is one of the most common diseases in postmenopausal women; It affects about 40% of women after menopause, but does not miss men either. About 12% of men after the age of 60 may suffer from the disease, in which the bone becomes perforated and brittle. The severe manifestation of the disease is fractures of the vertebrae of the spine, forearm and femoral neck. Osteoporosis is one of the major causes of impaired quality of life in old age and shortening life expectancy. It is called a silent disease, because it has no symptoms: the patient can not feel that his bones are weakening. Sometimes women will not know that they have osteoporosis until the onset of the typical fracture, and after the onset of the fracture the risk of additional fractures is six times higher. In the last decade there has been considerable progress in the treatment of osteoporosis; For example, drugs have been developed that prevent bone breakdown and reduce the risk of fractures considerably. In addition, preparations have been developed that encourage bone building and restoration of its internal structure, intended for patients with severe osteoporosis and with an increased risk of fractures. Treatment is chronic and should be carried out with regular follow-up, which will improve the patient's cooperation and assessment of the therapeutic response; It includes taking a sufficient amount of calcium and vitamin D as well as using anti-bone drugs or drugs that encourage bone building
A healthy diet is important in preventing or treating osteoporosis. Throughout your life, calcium and vitamin D play an important role in maintaining the health of your bones. Both are very essential while the bone is growing - usually by the age of 35. After menopause, calcium and / or vitamin D deficiency may worsen the bone loss process. Treatment with calcium and vitamin D is recommended even if you are taking medication to treat osteoporosis. However, it is important to know that usually when osteoporosis is diagnosed, treatment with calcium and vitamin D alone is not enough.